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Menstrual cycle dysfunction is a condition in which the menstrual cycle is disturbed and does not correspond to normal parameters. This condition can be due to various factors, including hormonal changes, physical or psychological stress, poor diet and many other reasons.

Amenorrheais a condition where menstruation does not occur for more than 6 months. It can be both primary (when menstruation has never occurred) and secondary (when menstruation has stopped after a previous normal cycle). Amenorrhea can have many causes, including hormonal disorders, emotional stress, changes in body weight, poor diet or illness.

Oligomenorrheais a condition in which menstruation occurs infrequently, usually less than 8 times a year, and is characterized by a short and light period of bleeding. Oligomenorrhea can have many causes, including hormonal disorders, weight changes, exercise, or poor diet.

Functional hypothalamic amenorrhea(PHA) is a condition in which the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis does not function properly and menstruation is absent or very infrequent. PHA often occurs in women who engage in intense physical activity, as well as those who suffer from eating disorders or other psychological stressors.

It is important to understand that the menstrual cycle is sensitive to certain types of stress and can be affected by a variety of factors, including diet and physical activity. Therefore, to maintain a healthy menstrual cycle, it would be important to follow a balanced diet, regular physical activity and eliminate or reduce stress factors.

  • Severe diseases associated with weight loss, anorexia or bulimia;
  • Inadequate nutrition, which leads to insufficient accumulation of fat in the body, which is necessary for normal hormone production;
  • Stress and depression, which can affect the hormonal balance in the body and cause menstrual cycle disorders.

It is important to note that menstrual irregularities can be associated with other health problems such as endometriosis, polycystic ovaries or other reproductive system disorders. Therefore, it is important to consult a specialist if a woman experiences menstrual cycle disorders in order to determine an accurate diagnosis and apply effective treatment.

  • eating disorders – Anorexia nervosa, Bulimia nervosa; overweight, obesity BMI > 29.


  • Consult a specialist to determine hormone levels and general body condition.
  • Mandatory specialist consultation: gynecologist-endocrinologist, therapist.
  • Eat a balanced diet and maintain a regular sleep and rest routine.
  • Control the daily calorie intake, if necessary, increase it by 20-30%.
  • Avoid excessive workload and excessive physical activity.
  • Normalize your psycho-emotional state.

The important thing is to get your body fat back to the minimum safe level for your body type. For a woman, adipose tissue is an important resource for the normal functioning of the reproductive system. Therefore, excessive exercise and a severe calorie deficit can worsen the situation. It is recommended to maintain a healthy body fat through a healthy and balanced diet and exercise that is appropriate for your health and lifestyle.

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